Intern
Institut für Geographie und Geologie

Prof. Dr. Bernd Zimanowski

Lehrstuhl für Geographie I - Physische Geographie

Tel.: +49 931 31-82379
E-Mail: zimano@uni-wuerzburg.de

Institut für Geographie und Geologie
Pleicherwall 1
97070 Würzburg

Pleicherwall
Vulkanologisches Labor
Eingang Westflügel

Sprechstunde

nach Vereinbarung

Forschungsschwerpunkte und -interessen
  • Geophysik
  • Vulkanologie
Aktuelle Forschung und Projekte

ICDP Project SUSTAIN: Scientific Drilling of Surtsey Volcano Experimental studies on formation and thermal history of Surtsey

  • Drittmittelgeber: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Zi481/20-1)
  • Laufzeit: 2017 - 2019
  • Ansprechpartner: Prof.Dr.Bernd Zimanowski

Digging into the biggest explosive submarine eruption ever „seen“ Experiments on submarine eruption mechanisms

  • Drittmittelgeber: Marsden Fund – New Zealand
  • Prof. James White, University of Otago, New Zealand
    Dr. R. J. Carey, University of Tasmania, Australia
    Prof. Dr. B. Zimanowski, Universität Würzburg, Germany
    Prof. M. Manga, University of California, USA
  • Laufzeit 2017-2019

FUTUREVOLC - A European volcanological supersite in Iceland: a monitoring system and network for the future

  • Drittmittelgeber: Europäische Kommission, Brussels, Belgium
  • Laufzeit: 2013 - 2016
  • Projektpartner: Dr. Freysteinn Sigmundsson, Institute of Earth Sciences, Nordic Volcanological Center, Haskoli Islands, Reykjavik IS 101, Iceland
  • Projektmitarbeiter: Dipl.-Phys. Andrea Schmid
  • Ansprechpartner: Prof. (apl.) Dr. Bernd Zimanowski

Bestimmung der physikalischen Materialparameter beim B4C-Schmelzofenverfahren

Publikationen - Artikel in Zeitschriften und Büchern

Oddsson, B., Gudmundsson, M. T., Sonder, I., Zimanowski, B., and Schmid, Andrea, 2016: Experimental studies of heat transfer at the dynamic magma ice/water interface: Application to subglacially emplaced lava. J.Geophys.Res., doi: 10.1002/2016/JB012865.

Andrews, R.G., White, J.D.L., Dürig, T., and Zimanowski, B., 2015: Simulating maar-diatreme volcanic systems in bench-scale experiments. J.Geol.Soc. London, 173(2):2015, 073, doi: 10.1144/jgs2015-073.

Dürig, T., Gudmundsson, M. T., Karmann, S., Zimanowski, B., Dellino, P., Rietze, M., and Büttner, R., 2015: Mass eruption rates in pulsating eruptions estimated from video analysis of the gas thrust-buoyancy transition—a case study of the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland. Earth, Planets and Space, 67, 180, doi: 10.1186/s40623-015-0351-7 (open access).

Jackson, M.D., Gudmundsson, M.T., Bach, W., Cappelletti, P., Coleman, N.J., Ivarsson, M., Jónasson, K., Joergensen, S.L., Marteinsson, V., McPhie, J., Moore, J.G., Nielson, D., Rhodes, J.M., Rispoli, C., Schiffman, P., Stefánsson, A., Türke, A., Vanorio, T., Weisenberger, T.B., White, J.D.L., Zierenberg, R., and Zimanowski, B., 2015: Time-lapse characterization of hydrothermal seawater and microbial interactions with basaltic tephra at Surtsey volcano. Sci.Dril. 20, 51.81, doi: 10.5194/sd-20-51-2015.

Zimanowski, B., Büttner, R., Dellino, P., White, J.D.L., Wohletz, K.H., 2015: Magma-Water Interaction and Phreatomagmatic Fragmentation. In: Sigurdsson, H., Houghton, B., Rymer, H., Stix, J., McNutt, S. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Volcanoes, pp. 473-484.

Zimanowski, B. and Gudmundsson, M. T., 2015: Fire in the hole: Recreating volcanic eruptions with cannon blasts, Eos, 96, doi:10.1029/2015EO027703.

Andrews, R. G., White, J. D. L., Dürig, T., and Zimanowski, B., 2014: Discrete blasts in granular material yield two-stage process of cavitation and granular fountaining. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 2, 422-428, doi: 10.1002/2013GL058526.

Dellino P., Dioguardi F., Mele D., D’addabbo M., Zimanowski B., Büttner R., Doronzo D.M., Sonder I., Sulpizio R., Dürig T., and La Volpe L., 2014: Volcanic jets, plumes and collapsing fountains: evidence from large-scale experiments, with particular emphasis on the entrainment rate. Bull. Volcanol., 76:834.

Jordan, S. C., Dürig, T., Cas, R. A. F., and Zimanowski, B., 2014: Processes controlling the shape of ash particles: Results of statistical IPA. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 288, 19- 27, doi: 10.1016/j.volcgeores.2014.09.012.

Spitznagel, N., Dürig, T., and Zimanowski, B., 2013: Trigger- and heat-transfer times measured during experimental molten-fuel coolant interactions. AIP Advances 3, 102128, doi: 10.1063/1.4827023.

Schipper, C.I., Sonder, I., Schmid, A., White, J.D.L., Dürig, T., Zimanowski, B., and Büttner, R., 2013:  Vapour dynamics during magma-water interaction experiments: Hydromagmatic origins of submarine volcaniclastic particles (limu o Pele).  Geophys. J. Int.  192 (3),  1109-1115,doi: 10.1093/gji/ggs099.

Wohletz, K., Zimanowski, B., and Büttner, R., 2013:  Magma-water interactions, in: FAGENTS, S.A., GREGG, T.K.P., LOPES, R.M.C. (editors): Modeling Volcanic Processes .  Cambridge University Press  (ISBN 9780521895439).

Dürig, T., and Zimanowski, B., 2012:  "Breaking news" on the formation of volcanic ash: Fracture dynamics in silicate glasses.  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.  335-336,  page 1, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2012.05.001.

Calvari, S., Büttner, R., Cristaldi, A., Dellino, P., Guidicepietro, F., Orazi, M., Peluso, R., Spampinato, L., Zimanowski, B., and Boschi, E., 2012:  The 7 September 2008 vulcanian explosion at Stromboli volcano: multi-parametric characterisation of the event and quantification of the ejecta.  J. Geophys. Res.  117,  page B05201, doi: 10.1029/2011JB009048.

Dürig, T., Sonder, I., Zimanowski, B., Beyrichen, H., and Büttner, R., 2012:  Generation of volcanic ash by basaltic volcanism.  J. Geophys. Res.  117,  page B01204, doi: 10.1029/2011JB008628.

Dürig, T., Dioguardi, F., Büttner, R., Dellino, P., Mele, D., and Zimanowski, B., 2012:  A new method for the determination of the specific kinetic energy (SKE) released to pyroclastic particles at magmatic fragmentation: theory and first experimental results.  Bull. Volcanol.  74,  Number 4, page 895, doi: 10.1007/s00445-011-0574-9.

Dürig, T., Mele, D., Dellino, P., and Zimanowski, B., 2012:  Comparative analyses of glass fragments from brittle fracture experiments and volcanic ash particles.  Bull. Volcanol.  74,  Number 3, page 691, doi: 10.1007/s00445-011-0562-0.

Dellino, P., Gudmundsson, M., Larssen, G., Mele, D., Stevenson, J., Thordarson, T., and Zimanowski, B., 2012:  Ash from the Eyjafjallajökull eruption (Iceland): fragmentation processes and aerodynamic behaviour.  J. Geophys. Res.  117,  page B00C04, doi: 10.1029/2011JB008726.

Sonder, I., Schmid, A., Seegelken, R., Zimanowski, B., and Büttner, R., 2011:  Heat source or heat sink: What dominates behavior of non-explosive magma-water interaction?.  J. Geophys. Res.  116,  page B09203, doi: 10.1029/2011JB008280.

Schipper, C. I., White, J. D. L., Zimanowski, B., Büttner, R., Sonder, I., and Schmid, A., 2011:  Experimental interaction of magma and "dirty" coolants.  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.  303,  pages 323-336, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2011.01.010.

Hobiger, M., Sonder, I., Büttner, R., and Zimanowski, B., 2011:  Viscosity characteristics of selected volcanic rock melts.  J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.  200,  doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.11.020.

Schmid, A., Sonder, I., Seegelken, R., Zimanowski, B., Büttner, R., Gudmundsson, M., and Oddsson, B., 2010:  Experiments on the heat discharge at the dynamic magma-water-interface.  Geophys. Res. Lett.  37,  page L20311, doi: 10.1029/2010GL044963.

Dellino, P., Büttner, R., Dioguardi, F., Doronzo, D. M., La Volpe, L., Mele, D., Sonder, I., Sulpizio, R., and Zimanowski, B., 2010:  Experimental evidence links volcanic particle characteristics to pyroclastic flow hazard .  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.  295,  pages 314-320, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.04.022.

Dellino, P., Dioguardi, F., Zimanowski, B., Büttner, R., Mele, D., La Volpe, L., Sulpizio, R., Doronzo, D. M., Sonder, I., Bonasia, R., Calvari, S., and Marotta, E., 2010:  Conduit flow experiments help constraining the regime of explosive eruptions.  J. Geophys. Res.  115, B04204,  doi:10.1029/2009JB006781.

Austin-Erickson, A., Büttner, R., Dellino, P., Ort, M.H., and Zimanowski, B., 2008:  Phreatomagmatic explosions of rhyolitic magma: experimental and field evidence.  J. Geophys. Res  113,  doi:10.1029/2008JB005731.

Ross, P.-S., Büttner, R., White, J. D. L., and Zimanowski, B., 2008:  Rapid injection of particles and gas into non-fluidized granular material: volcanological implications .  Bull. Vulcanol.  doi: 10.1007/s00445-008-0230-1),  ISSN: 0258-8900 (Print) 1432-0819 (Online).

Ross, P.-S., Büttner, R., White, J. D. L., and Zimanowski, B., 2008:  The multiphase flow above explosion sites in debris-filled volcanic vents: insights from analogue experiments .  J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.  doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.01.013 .

Taddeucci, J., Scarlato, P., Andronico, D., Cristaldi, A., Büttner, R., and Zimanowski, B., 2007:  Advances in the Study of Volcanic Ash.  EOS  88,  24, pages 253, 256.

Dellino, P., Büttner, R., Dioguardi, F., Doronzo, D. M., La Volpe, L., Mele, D., Sonder, I., Sulpizio, R., and Zimanowski, B., 2010:  Experimental evidence links volcanic particle characteristics to pyroclastic flow hazard .  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.  295,  pages 314-320, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.04.022.

Dellino, P., Dioguardi, F., Zimanowski, B., Büttner, R., Mele, D., La Volpe, L., Sulpizio, R., Doronzo, D. M., Sonder, I., Bonasia, R., Calvari, S., and Marotta, E., 2010:  Conduit flow experiments help constraining the regime of explosive eruptions.  J. Geophys. Res.  115, B04204,  doi:10.1029/2009JB006781.

Austin-Erickson, A., Büttner, R., Dellino, P., Ort, M.H., and Zimanowski, B., 2008:  Phreatomagmatic explosions of rhyolitic magma: experimental and field evidence.  J. Geophys. Res  113,  doi:10.1029/2008JB005731.

Ross, P.-S., Büttner, R., White, J. D. L., and Zimanowski, B., 2008:  Rapid injection of particles and gas into non-fluidized granular material: volcanological implications .  Bull. Vulcanol.  doi: 10.1007/s00445-008-0230-1),  ISSN: 0258-8900 (Print) 1432-0819 (Online).

Ross, P.-S., Büttner, R., White, J. D. L., and Zimanowski, B., 2008:  The multiphase flow above explosion sites in debris-filled volcanic vents: insights from analogue experiments .  J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.  doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.01.013 .

Taddeucci, J., Scarlato, P., Andronico, D., Cristaldi, A., Büttner, R., and Zimanowski, B., 2007:  Advances in the Study of Volcanic Ash.  EOS  88,  24, pages 253, 256.

Dellino, P., Zimanowski, B., Büttner, R., La Volpe, L., Mele, D., and Sulpizio, R., 2007:  Large-scale experiments on the mechanics of pyroclastic flows: Design, engineering, and first results.  J. Geophys. Res.  112,  B04202, doi: 10.1029/2006JB004313.

Grunewald, U., Zimanowski, B., Büttner, R., Büchel, G., Heide, K., and Phillips, L.F., 2007:  MFCI experiments on the influence of NaCl-saturated water on phreatomagmatic explosions .  J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.  159,  126, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2006.06.016.

Büttner, R., Dellino, P., Raue, H., Sonder, I., and Zimanowski, B., 2006:  Stress induced brittle fragmentation of magmatic melts: Theory and experiments.  J. Geophys. Res.  111,  B08204, doi:10.1029/2005JB003958.

Sonder, I., Büttner, R., and Zimanowski, B., 2006:  Non-Newtonian viscosity of basaltic magma.  Geophys. Res. Lett.  33,  L02303, doi:10.1029/2005GL024240.

Büttner, R., Zimanowski, B., Mohrholz, C.-O., and Kümmel, R., 2005:  Analysis of thermohydraulic explosion energetics .  J. Appl. Phys.  98,  043524.

Röder, H., Braun, T., Schuhmann, W., Boschi, E., Büttner, R., and Zimanowski, B., 2005:  Great Sumatra earthquake registers on electrostatic sensor .  EOS   86,  445-460.

Zimanowski, B., Büttner, R., and Koopmann, A., 2004:  Experiments on magma mixing.  Geophys. Res. Lett.  31,  doi: 10.1029/2004GL019687.

Ebert, H.-P, Hemberger, F., Fricke, J., Büttner, R., Bez, S., and Zimanowski, B., 2003:  Thermophysical properties of a volcanic rock material .  High Temperatures-High Pressures  34,  561-668.

Zimanowski, B., Wohletz, K.H., Büttner, R., and Dellino, P., 2003:  The volcanic ash problem.  J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.  122,  1-5.

Zimanowski, B., and Büttner, R., 2003:  Phreatomagmatic explosions in subaqueous eruptions, in White, J.D.L., Smellie, J.L., and Clague, D. (eds.): Explosive subaqueous volcanism .  AGU Monograph  140,

Büttner, R., Dellino, P., LaVolpe, L., Lorenz, V., and Zimanowski, B., 2002:  Thermohydraulic explosions in phreatomagmatic eruptions as evidenced by the comparison between pyroclasts and products from Molten Fuel Coolant Interaction experiments. J. Geophys. Res.  107,  doi: 10.1029/2001JB000792.

Lorenz, V., Zimanowski, B., and Büttner, R., 2002:  On the formation of deep seated subterranean peperites.  J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.  114,  107-118.

Zimanowski, B., and Büttner, R., 2002:  Dynamic mingling of magma and liquefied sediments.  J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.  114,  37-44.

Röder, H., Büttner, R., and Zimanowski, B., 2002:  Seismo-electrical effects: Experiments and field measurements.  Appl. Phys. Lett.  80,  334-336.

Büttner, R., Zimanowski, B., Lenk, C., Koopmann, A., and Lorenz, V., 2000:  Determination of thermal conductivity of natural silicate melts .  Appl. Phys. Lett.  77,  1810-1812.

Büttner, R., Zimanowski, B., and Röder, H., 2000:  Short time electrical effects during volcanic eruptions: experiments and field measurements .  J. Geophys. Res.  105,  2819-2828.

Morrissey, M., Zimanowski, B., Wohletz, K., and Büttner, R., 2000:  Phreatomagmatic Fragmentation, in: SIGURDSSON, H.(editor-in-chief): Encyclopedia of Volcanism .  Academic Press, London  (ISBN 0-12-643140).

Büttner, R., Dellino, P., and Zimanowski, B., 1999:  Identifying modes of magma/water interaction from the surface features of ash particles .  Nature  401,  688-690.

Lorenz, V., Zimanowski, B., and Büttner, R., 1999:  Discussion on the formation of kimberlite pipes: The phreatomagmatic model .  IAVCEI CEV-Newsletters  09/99,  11-17.

Zimanowski, B., 1998:  Phreatomagmatic explosions, in: Freundt, A. and Rosi, M. (eds): From magma to tephra: Developments in volcanology 4 .  Elsevier Amsterdam  25-54.

Büttner, R., and Zimanowski, B., 1998:  Physics of thermohydraulic explosions.  Phys. Rev. E.  57,  5726-5729.

Büttner, R., Zimanowski, B., Blumm, J., and Hagemann, L., 1998:  Thermal conductivity of a volcanic rock material (olivine-melilitite) in the temperature range between 288 and 1470 K .  J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.  80,  293-302.

Kurszlaukis, S., Büttner, R., Zimanowski, B., and Lorenz, V., 1998:  On the first experimental phreatomagmatic explosion of a kimberlite melt.  J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.  80,  323-326.

Büttner, R., Röder, H., and Zimanowski, B., 1997:  Electrical effects generated by experimental volcanic explosions.  Appl.Phys.Lett.  70,  1903-1905.

Zimanowski, B., Büttner, R., and Nestler, J., 1997:  Brittle reaction of a high temperature ion melt.  Europhys.Lett.  38,  285-289.

Zimanowski, B., Büttner, R., and Lorenz, V., 1997:  Premixing of magma and water in MFCI experiments.  Bull.Volcanol.  58,  491-495.

Zimanowski, B., Büttner, R., Lorenz, V., and Häfele, H.-G., 1997:  Fragmentation of basaltic melt in the course of explosive volcanism.  J. Geophys. Res.  102,  803-814.

Zimanowski, B., Fröhlich, G., and Lorenz, V., 1995:  Experiments on Vapour Explosions by Interaction of Water with Silicate Melts.  Nucl. Engrg. Des.  155,  335-343.

Fröhlich, G., Zimanowski, B., and Lorenz, V., 1993:  Explosive thermal interactions between molten lava and water.  Experimental Thermal and Fluid Sci.  7,  319-332.

Zimanowski, B., Fröhlich, G., and Lorenz, V., 1991:  Quantitative experiments on phreatomagmatic explosions.  J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.  48,  341-358.

Zimanowski, B., Lorenz, V., and Fröhlich, G., 1986:  Experiments on phreatomagmatic explosions with silicateand carbonatitic melts.  J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.  30,  149-153.

Lorenz, V., and Zimanowski, B., 1984:  Fragmentation of alkali-basaltic magmas and wall-rocks by explosive volcanism.  Ann. Sci. Univ. Clermont-Fd. II  74,  15-25

Publikationen - Darstellung in öffentlichen Medien
  • Spiegel Online: Müllbeutel entfacht Höllenfeuer, 06/26/2012.
  • rp-online: Neuer Vulkanausbruch ist "überfällig", 04/12/2011.
  • ARTE Journal: Eyjafjallajökull: Interview mit einem Vulkanforscher, 04/21/2010.
  • Zeit Online "Wissen": Eine Computersimulation ist zu wenig, 04/19/2010.
  • Spiegel Online: Forscher sagt baldiges Ende der Eruption voraus, 04/18/2010.
  • Bild: Wie gefährlich ist Vulkan-Asche für die Gesundheit? , 04/17/2010.
  • Bayern 2 Radiowelt, 04/16/2010.
  • Deutschland Radio "Forschung Aktuell", 04/16/2010.
  • FAZ: Warum Vulkanasche zu Flugzeugabstürzen führen kann, 04/15/2010.
  • Mainpost - Würzburger Vulkanologe: Asche nicht giftig, 04/15/2010.
  • Stern magazine - Vulkanasche nicht giftig, 04/15/2010.
  • ARD Television "Tagesschau" - Aschewolke legt Flugverkehr lahm, 04/15/2010.
  • ZDF science magazine "Abenteuer Wissen", 01/21/2009.
  • Deutschland Radio "Forschung Aktuell" - Magma auf dem Tisch, 05/14/2008.
  • Deutschland Radio "Forschung Aktuell" - Vorgetäuschter Ausbruch, 05/14/2008.
  • Bayerisches Fernsehen science magazine "Faszination Wissen", 11/28/2008.
  • Bayerisches Fernsehen magazine on culture "Capriccio", 11/27/2008.
  • 3sat Television science magazine "Nano", 08/29/2008.
  • SWR Television "Odysso extra" - Naturgewalten - Mini-Vulkan im Labor, 06/7/2007.
Kontakt

Lehrstuhl für Geographie I -Physische Geographie-
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97074 Würzburg

Tel.: +49 931 31-85555
Fax: +49 931 31-85544
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