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Deutsch Intern
Institut für Geographie und Geologie

Courses

Undergraduate training

Summer

Prof. Dr. Hartwig Frimmel

Offer frequency: summer [ 3 hpw ]

Type of examination: written test

Contents:

  • Origin/structure of the Earth
  • Properties of important rock-forming and economically significant minerals
  • Volcanism/extrusive rocks
  • Plutonism/magmagenesis
  • Sediments/sedimentary rocks
  • Metamorphosis
  • Geological structures
  • Ocean floor
  • Plate tectonics
  • Earthquakes
  • Mountain building
  • Continental crust
  • Earth history
  • Mineral deposits

 

Dr. Volker von Seckendorff, MSc Johannes Renk, BSc Felix Camenzuli, BSc Katrin Hagen

Offer frequency: summer [ entire day, 4 saturdays before the exam]

The tutorial takes place in preparation for the exam to the lecture series "Endogenous Dynamics - Introduction to Geology". Participation in the tutorial is strongly recommended.

Dr. Stefan Höhn

Offer frequency: summer [ 2 hpw ]

Type of examination: portfolio

Contents:

  • Basics of geological maps
  • two-dimensional representation of three-dimensional geological phenomena
  • Recognizing and interpreting tectonic structures
  • Drawing of profiles and simple structural geological diagrams

Upon completion, participants will have the ability to interpret geological maps correctly and to present geological field observations in map form, profiles and appropriate diagrams.

Prof. Dr. Hartwig Frimmel, Dr. Dorothée Kleinschrot

Offer frequency: summer [ 2 hpw ]

Type of examination: written test with practical part

Contents:

  • Systematic mineralogy, ore minerals
  • Properties and characteristics of selected minerals
  • Exercises on the basis of illustrative material
  • Identification of minerals in handspecimen
  • Classification of rocks (magmatic, metamorphic, sedimentary)
  • Description of mineral contents and microstructure
  • Identification of rocks in the handspecimen

Students gain the ability to identify the most important minerals in handspecimen and to correctly address and interpret rock samples as far as possible without additional analytical tools.

PD Dr. Nikola Koglin (BGR)

Offer frequency: irregular [ 2 hpw ]

Type of examination: written test/portfolio

Contents:

Introduction to geographical information systems; application examples from geography, geosciences and environmental sciences; introduction to GIS ArcGIS; data models in GIS: Data and geometry data (vector and raster data); geometric, topological and thematic data modelling; data management with ArcGIS (ArcCatalog); conception and construction of a GIS project (ArcGIS); layer principle, metadata, data formats, attribute data; relational data model; software components of ArcGIS (ArcMap, ArcToolbox, ArcInfo Workstation); collection and preparation of geometry and data (digitisation, surveying; Management of geometric and factual data (introduction to the structure of a geodatabase); spatial analysis of geodata (linking, intersection, thematic and spatial queries, spatial interpolation, terrain analysis from digital elevation data); interpretation, visualisation and presentation of results of geodata (signature, diagram and map design, thematic maps)

Students gain knowledge of the nature and production, management, processing and presentation of geographical data. They acquire skills in the handling of geographic information systems and in the organization of GIS projects, as well as in the development and interpretation of spatial analyses with geographic information systems (GIS software).

Dr. Dorothée Kleinschrot, MSc Alexander Kawohl

Offer frequency: summer [ 2 hpw ]

Type of examination: written test with practical part

Contents:

  • Setup, function and use of a transmitted light microscope
  • Basics of crystal optics
  • Optical properties of selected minerals
  • Exercises at the microscope
  • Identification of minerals under the microscope

Upon completion, the participants will have the necessary basic knowledge in the identification of the most important rock-forming minerals under the polarization microscope. The course provides essential basics for in-depth petrological and crystallingeological studies.

Prof. Dr. Hartwig Frimmel

Offer frequency: summer [ 2 hpw ]

Type of examination: oral presentation

Contents:

Exploitation and use of mineral resources (e.g. precious metals, rare earth elements, lithium, crude oil, uranium, diamond) are essential economic-geographical parameters that strongly influence economic, political and social relations between nations. The main topics of this course are fundamental economic-geological principles, a simple classification of deposit types according to genetic aspects and the evaluation of raw material deposits. An outlook on the availability and world market situation of essential mineral resources will be elaborated by the participants for selected current examples.

After completing the course, the participants will have basic knowledge in the economic geological analysis of selected mineral resources.

Dr. Stefan Höhn

Offer frequency: summer [ 2 hpw ]

Type of examination: written test

Contents:

The course deals with the different geochemical systems, mainly in the upper Earth crust, with geochemical processes leading to changes in rocks and re-distribution of elements or groups of elements, as well as with the underlying transport mechanisms. The focus is on aquatic processes, thus also on general hydrogeological aspects, such as water cycle, water storage and problems of water pollution.

Students gain basic knowledge of geochemical and hydrological processes, especially in the upper earth crust, which will serve as a basis for further studies in the field of environmental sciences and hydrogeology.

Prof. Dr. Thomas Will

Offer frequency: summer [ 2 hpw ]

Type of examination: written test

Contents:

The course provides an insight into the formation and modification of magmatic and metamorphic rocks that make up a significant part of the Earth's crust and surface today. Furthermore, the connection between rock formation (petrogenesis) and the planet Earth's constantly changing geo-dynamic processes is established. This also includes an introduction to modern methods for quantifying the information contained in rocks regarding pressure, temperature and time of rock formation. In addition to theoretical considerations, emphasis is placed on practical observations on visual materials (rock samples).

 

Winter

Dr. Stefan Höhn

Offer frequency: winter [ 2 hpw ]

Type of examination: written test

Contents:

Basics of modern methods to determine the mineralogical, elemental and isotopic composition of minerals and rocks, e.g. X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe analysis, mass spectrometry. As far as possible, practical exercises/demonstrations are carried out in the corresponding laboratories in addition to the explanation of the theoretical functions.

After graduation, the participants will have basic knowledge of the common analytical methods for determining the chemical, mineralogical and isotopic composition of minerals and rocks.

Dr. Stefan Höhn

Offer frequency: winter [ 2 hpw ]

Type of examination:

Contents:

 

Prof. Dr. Hartwig Frimmel

Offer frequency: winter [ 2 hpw ]

Type of examination: written test

Contents:

An overview of the evolution of the Earth over the past 4.6 billion years, the genesis, composition and change of the sediments formed in the process, and their information egarding the environmental conditions at that time, the development of life and the associated possibility of relative dating of stratigraphic sediments, the relationships between stratigraphy and plate tectonic development, and an introduction to absolute radiometric age dating (e.g. C14, uranium-lead, Ar-Ar, Rb-Sr).

Upon completion, the participants will have the necessary basic knowledge of geological history, stratigraphic methods and age dating of rocks.

 

Prof. Dr. Thomas Will

Offer frequency: irregular [ 2 hpw ]

Conditions for participation: Succsessfull completion of the courses "Thin Section Microscopy" and "Petrology".

Type of examination: protocol

Contents:

  • Exercises at the microscope
  • Metamorphic minerals in thin section (e.g. kyanite, sillimanite, andalusite, serpentine, staurolite, glaucophane, omphazite, zoisite, coesite, cordierite)
  • Description and interpretation of microstructures
  • Special textures (e.g. symplectites), inclusion generations
  • Reconstruction of formation coniditions, pressure, temperature and time

Building on the course "Thin Section Microscopy" (every summer semester), the handling of the polarization microscope is developed. The participants get to know other rock-forming and special minerals and their optical properties. In addition, the description and interpretation of rock structures will be practiced. The course is supplemented by case studies on metamorphic petrology.

 


Postgraduate training

Winter

Prof. Dr. Hartwig Frimmel

Offer frequency: winter [ 2 hpw ]

Type of examination: written test (either in english or german) - Lectures are held in english!

Contents:

The diversity of mineral deposits are presented in ther width and partly with illustrative material (ore samples). In particular, the processes that led to the economic enrichment of such raw materials are presented. This includes magmatic, hydrothermal and sedimentary processes from which ore deposits, energy sources, industrial minerals as well as stones and soils emerged.

The students acquire essential basic and state-of-the-art knowledge of the geology of mineral deposits based on current examples. They also acquire the ability to classify existing and mineral deposits genetically, and thus the basis for the evaluation of future exploitation and exploration strategies.

Prof. Dr. Hartwig Frimmel

Offer frequency: winter [ 2 hours per week ]

Type of examination: Written examination (optionally in English or German) - Lectures are held in English

Contents:

The course provides an overview of the multitude of mineral deposits – essential georesources for the sustainable utilization of planet Earth. In particular, processes that can lead to the economic concentration of mineral resources will be discussed using examples of major deposit types. This includes magmatic, hydrothermal and sedimentary processes that resulted in the formation of economically viable deposits of ore minerals, solid fuels and industrial minerals.

The students obtain basic, up-to-date insights into the geology of mineral deposits on the basis of concrete examples. Furthermore they obtain the ability to classify known and new mineral deposits/occurrences in a genetic way, thus laying the foundation for optimising future exploitation and exploration strategies.

Summer

PD Dr. Torsten Graupner (BGR), Dr. Harald Karg (Wintershall), Hon.-Prof. Dr. Matthias Reimann (Knauf Gips)

Offer frequency: summer [ 2 hpw held as 3 blocks, each 2 days long, from friday to saturday ]

Type of examination: written test

Contents:

The essential geological, geochemical and geophysical methods for finding new mineral deposits are presented in an integrated global context. The focus will be on practical application and applicability in the various stages of exploration. The course is supplemented by a free one-day field trip.

The students acquire basic knowledge of current, modern methods for the exploration and assessment of new mineral deposits. These range from an in-depth understanding of structural geological relationships to geochemical vectors and basic geophysical methods for better characterisation and and localisation of economically relevant mineral deposits.

Dr. Harald Karg (Wintershall) / Prof. Dr. Hartwig Frimmel

Offer frequency: summer [ 2 hours per week ]

Type of examination: Written examination

Contents:

An overview is given of the principal geoscientific methods that can be used in the exploration for and exploitation of mineral deposits with a focus on the practical application in the various stages of exploration projects. The students develop a basic understanding of modern methods in exploration for mineral deposits as well as for the criteria, which can be used to assess the economic viability of mineral occurrences.

PD Dr. Nikola Koglin (BGR)

Offer frequency: Summer [ 5 whole days in April ]

Type of examination: written test

Contents:

Mineral deposits are considered products of complex mineral systems, which can be described by a number of parameters that vary in space and time. Various methods of spatially quantifying these parameters and integrating them into mineral potential maps will be discussed and applied with the help of conventional GIS software.

Modern exploration for georesources is based on the spatial quantification of all those geological parameters relevant to the formation of mineral deposits. The students will obtain knowledge of the methods that can be applied to the formulation of mineral potential maps for a given region.

 

Prof. Dr. Hartwig Frimmel

Offer frequency: each semester

Type of examination: report

Contents:

The applied project combines aspects of problem analysis, work organisation, methodological approaches and evaluation and analysis procedures. In particular, it prepares students for independent work on, implementation of, and conclusion of scientific problems with different specializations. The combination of the main focuses, e.g. geomorphology, remote sensing, GIS, allows the students to form an individual focus. The data collected during the project internship can be used as a basis for the preparation of a comprehensive thesis (master thesis).

Students acquire in-depth knowledge in advanced application in selected subject areas of physical geography. The internship is designed as a project internship. The competences acquired in the project seminars of the Bachelor's programme to define work processes, to organise and plan them, to collect data, to process, analyse and present them are to be deepened. A project is to be worked on independently using various scientific methods. In this way, students acquire in-depth skills in project coordination, problem analysis and presentation of results.