Physical geography is one of the two major sub-fields of geography. Physical geography is that branch of natural science which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and pedosphere as opposed to the cultural or built environment.
The physical geography in Würzburg deals with understanding the surface of the Earth and the processes (geomorphology) by which it is shaped, both at the present as well as in the past. For this purpose, soils and Quaternary sediments are important archives for studies related to climate and landscape change.
The physical principles of the terrestrial climate system as well as the modelling and statistical collection of climate fluctuations are important. Moreover, based on climate model simulations, the question of the anthropogenic climate change is focused and thoroughly analysed by the application of geostatistical
methods for research requests as well as teaching requirements. The physical volcanological lab as a special facility of the Würzburg physical geography deals with fundamental physical processes of the volcanic activity. In particular, it deals with eruption mechanisms on Earth’s surface and submerged.
Regional research areas focuses are Central Europe, the Mediterranean, Africa and the subpolar environment of North America.