English Intern

apl. Prof. Dr. Thomas Will

Außerplanmäßiger Professor am Lehrstuhl für Geodynamik und Geomaterialforschung

Telefon: +49 931 31-85418
Fax: +49 931 31-87345
E-Mail: thomas.will@uni-wuerzburg.de 

Institut für Geographie und Geologie
Am Hubland
97074 Würzburg

Campus Hubland Süd
Zimmer 324

nach Vereinbarung

  • Mineralogie und Geologie
  • metamorphe Petrologie
  • Strukturgeologie und Tektonik

Geodynamic evolution of the MidGerman Crystalline Zone, and other key areas in the European Variscides

The main motivation of this long-term project is to delineate the geodynamic history of the Mid-German Crystalline Zone (MGCZ) during the Variscan orogeny by a combination of petrological, structural, geochemical and geochronological studies. The Mid-German Crystalline Zone is thought to have formed during the late Variscan closure of the Rheic Ocean and should contain the associated Variscan suture (Rheic Suture). Recent results showed that the Odenwald-Spessart basement, which is the largest outcrop area of the MGCZ hosts a paired metamorphic belt with high-pressure eclogite-facies rocks situated next to high-temperature granulite-facies rocks being separated by the Rheic Suture (Will et al. 2015, 2017, 2018; Schädicke et al. 2018). This project uses a combination of fieldwork, structural geology, metamorphic and magmatic petrology, geochemistry and isotope geochemistry as well as geochronological methods (Ar-Ar, U-Pb zircon and monazite SIMS and electron microprobe dating).

SW Gondwana break-up and its influence on the opening of the modern South Atlantic and the correlation of Neoproterozoic orogenic belts across the present-day South Atlantic

The overall aim of the project is to infer the mode and geodynamic setting of the opening of the modern South Atlantic by using structural, geochemical, isotope geochemical and geochronological methods (Will & Frimmel 2013; Will et al. 2016; Will & Frimmel 2018). This project started initially within the DFG-funded priority programme SAMPLE (South Atlantic Margin Processes and Links with Onshore Evolution, 2008 - 2017) but now focuses on the correlation of various Neoproterozoic orogenic belts at both sides of the South Atlantic with each other. In particular, the tectonothermal evolution of Brasiliano/Pan-African orogenic belts in South America (Dom Feliciano Belt) and southwestern Africa (Kaoko, Damara, Gariep and Saldania belts) are investigated by structural, geochemical, isotope geochemical and geochronological methods to identify their genetic links across the South Atlantic (Will et al. 2004, 2014, 2019).

2003: Appointment to ‚Außerplanmäßiger Professor’

since 1996: Research/Senior Research Scientist, Universität Würzburg

1995: Habilitation, Universität Würzburg [Phasengleichgewichte in metamorphen Gesteinen]

1990: Doctor of Philosophy, University of Melbourne, Australia [ Theoretical studies in metamorphic geology and structural geology ]

1987: Master of Science, State University of New York at Albany, USA [ Structural investigations of experimentally and naturally produced slickensides ]

56 published research articles (including 6 peer-reviewed book chapters) in international journals, numerous conference abstracts (amount is unknown), 3 major theses, 1 field guide, 1 textbook (Phase Equilibria in Metamorphic Rocks - Thermodynamic Background and Petrological Applications. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York).

Reviewer for 16 international professional journals, three national research agencies and several external Ph.D. theses

View profile on Researchgate

International peer-reviewed papers

 [1] Will TM, Wilson CJL (1989) Experimentally produced slickenside lineations in pyrophyllitic clay. Journal of Structural Geology 11: 657-667

[2] Will TM, Powell R, Holland T, Guiraud M (1990) Calculated greenschist facies mineral equilibria in the system CaO-FeO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-CO2-H2O. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 104: 353-368

[3] Will TM, Powell R, Holland T (1990) A calculated petrogenetic grid for ultramafic rocks at low pressures in the system CaO-FeO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-CO2-H2O. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 105: 347-358

[4] Wilson CJL, Will TM (1990) Slickenside lineations due to ductile processes. In: Knipe RJ, Rutter EH (eds) Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics. Geological Society of London Special Publication 54: 455-460

[5] Powell R, Will TM, Phillips GN (1991) Metamorphism in Archean greenstone belts: calculated fluid compositions and implications for gold mineralisation. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 9: 141-150

[6] Will TM, Powell R (1991) A robust approach to the calculation of paleostress fields from fault plane data. Journal of Structural Geology 13: 813-821

[7] Will TM, Powell R (1992) A robust approach to the calculation of paleostress fields from fault plane data: Reply. Journal of Structural Geology 14: 639-640

[8] Wilson CJL, Will TM, Cayley RA, Chen S (1992) Geologic framework and tectonic evolution in Western Victoria, Australia. Tectonophysics 214: 93-127

[9] Will TM, Powell R (1992) Activity-composition relationships in multi-component amphiboles: an application of Darken’s Quadratic Formalism. American Mineralogist 77: 954-966

[10] Stüwe K, Will TM, Zhou S (1993) On the timing of fluid production and metamorphism in metamorphic piles—some implications on the origin of postmetamorphic gold mineralisation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 114: 417-430

[11] Xu G, Will TM, Powell R (1994) A petrogenetic grid for contact metamorphic pelitic assemblages: The system K2O-FeO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O at low pressures and intermediate to high temperatures. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 12: 99-119

[12] Xu G, Powell R, Wilson CJL, Will TM (1994) Contact metamorphism associated with the Stawell granite, Victoria, Australia. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 12: 609-624

[13] Schubert W, Will TM (1994) Granulite-facies rocks of the Shackleton Range, Antarctica. Conditions of formation and preliminary petrogenetic implications. Chemie der Erde 54: 355-371

[14] Will TM, Okrusch M, Schmädicke E, Chen G (1998) Phase relations in the greenschist-blueschist-amphibolite-eclogite facies in the system Na2O-CaO-FeO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O (NCFMASH), with applications to the PT-evolution of metamorphic rocks from Samos, Greece. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 132: 85-102

[15] Will TM (1998) Phase diagrams and their application to determine pressure-temperature paths of metamorphic rocks. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen 174: 103-130

[16] Schüssler U, Bröcker M, Henjes-Kunst F, Will T (1999) P-T-t evolution of the Wilson Terrane metamorphic basement at the Oates Coast, Antarctica, derived from migmatites with granulite-facies relics. Precambrian Research 93: 235-258

[17] Will TM (2001) Paleostress-tensor analysis of late deformation events in the Odenwald Crystalline Complex and comparison with other units of the Mid-German Crystalline Rise, Germany. Mineralogy and Petrology 72: 229-247

[18] Will TM, Schmädicke E (2001) A first report of retrogressed eclogites in the Odenwald Crystalline Complex: evidence for high-pressure metamorphism in the Mid-German Crystalline Rise, Germany. Lithos 59: 109-125

[19] Will TM (2001) Activity-composition relationships and pressure-temperature determinations in metamorphic rocks. In: Geiger CA (ed) Solid Solutions in Silicate and Oxide Systems. European Mineralogical Union, Notes in Mineralogy Vol 3: 101-118

[20] Klemd R, Schröter FC, Will TM, Gao J (2002) PT-evolution of glaucophane-omphacite bearing HP-LT rocks in the western Tianshan orogen, NW China: new evidence for ‘Alpine-type’ tectonics. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 20: 239-254

[21] Will TM, Schmädicke E (2003) Isobaric cooling and counter-clockwise P-T paths in the Variscan Odenwald Crystalline Complex, Germany. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 21: 469-480

[22] Abu El-Enen MM, Okrusch M, Will TM (2003) Metapelitic assemblages in the Umm Zariq schists, central western Kid Belt, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen 178: 277-306

[23] Schmädicke E, Will TM (2003) Pressure-temperature evolution of blueschist-facies rocks from the island of Sifnos, Greece, and constraints on exhumation processes. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 21: 799-811

[24] Abu El-Enen MM, Will TM, Okrusch M (2004) P-T Evolution of the Taba Metamorphic Belt, Sinai, Egypt: Constraints from metapelite assemblages. African Journal of Earth Sciences 38: 59-78

[25] Abu El-Enen MM, Okrusch M, Will TM (2004) Metamorphism and metasomatism at a dolerite-limestone contact in the Gebel Yelleq area, Northern Sinai, Egypt. Mineralogy and Petrology 81: 135-164

[26] Will TM, Gruner BB, Okrusch M (2004) Progressive metamorphism of pelitic rocks from the Pan-African Kaoko Belt, NW Namibia: geothermobarometry and phase petrological studies of Barrovian and Buchan sequences. South African Journal of Geology 107: 431-454

(Paper [26] received the best paper award (‘Jubilee Award’) from the South African Geological Society in 2005!)

[27] Zeh A, Gerdes A, Will TM, Millar IL (2005) Provenance and magmatic-metamorphic evolution of a Variscan island-arc complex: Contraints from U-Pb dating, petrology, and geospeedometry of the Kyffhäuser Crystalline Complex, Central Germany. Journal of Petrology 32: 1393-1420

[28] Schmädicke E, Will TM (2006) First evidence of eclogite-facies metamorphism in the Shackleton Range, Antarctica: Tracer of a suture between East and West Gondwana? Geology 34: 133-136

[29] Ring U, Will T, Glodny J & 6 others (2007) Early exhumation of high-pressure rocks in extrusion wedges: The Cycladic blueschist unit in the eastern Aegean, Greece and Turkey. Tectonics 26: doi: 10.1029/2005TC001872

[30] Brandt S, Will TM, Klemd R (2007) Magmatic loading in the Proterozoic Epupa Complex, NW Namibia, as evidenced by ultrahigh-temperature sapphirine-bearing orthopyroxene-sillimanite-quartz granulites. Precambrian Research 153: 143-178

[31] Ring U, Glodny J, Will T, Thomson S (2007) An Oligocene extrusion wedge of blueschist-facies nappes on Evia, Aegean Sea, Greece: implications for the early exhumation of high-pressure rocks. Journal of the Geological Society of London 164: 637-652

[32] Will TM, Zeh A, Gerdes A, Frimmel HE, Millar IL, Schmädicke E (2009) Palaeoproterozoic to Palaeozoic magmatic and metamorphic events in the Shackleton Range, East Antarctica: constraints from zircon and monazite dating, and implications for the amalgamation of Gondwana. Precambrian Research 172: 25-45

[33] Will TM, Miller RMcG, Frimmel HE (2009) Orogenic tectono-thermal evolution of the Kaoko Belt. In: Gaucher C, Sial AN, Halverson GP, Frimmel HF (eds) Neoproterozoic-Cambrian tectonics, global change and evolution. A focus on southwestern Gondwana. Developments in Precambrian Geology, Elsevier, Amsterdam, vol 16, p 205-218

[34] Miller RMcG, Frimmel HE, Will TM (2009) Geodynamic synthesis of the Damara orogen sensu lato. In: Gaucher C, Sial AN, Halverson GP, Frimmel HF (eds) Neoproterozoic-Cambrian tectonics, global change and evolution. A focus on southwestern Gondwana. Developments in Precambrian Geology, Elsevier, Amsterdam, vol 16, p 231-235

[35] Thomson SN, Ring U, Brichau S, Glodny J, Will TM (2009) Timing and nature of formation of the Ios metamorphic core complex, southern Cyclades, Greece. In: Ring U, Wernicke B (eds) Extending a continent: architecture, rheology and heat budget. Geological Society of London Special Publication 321: 139-167

[36] Ring U, Glodny J, Will TM, Thomson SN (2010) The retreating Hellenic subduction system: high-pressure metamorphism, exhumation, normal faulting and large-scale extension. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 38: 45-76

[37] Zeh A, Will TM (2010) The Mid-German Crystalline Rise. In: Linnemann U, Romer RL (eds) Pre-Mesozoic geology of Saxo-Thuringia–From the Cadomian active margin to the Variscan orogen. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, pp 195-220

[38] Will TM, Frimmel HE, Zeh A, Le Roux P, Schmädicke E (2010) Geochemical and isotopic constraints on the tectonic and crustal evolution of the Shackleton Range, East Antarctica, and correlation with other Gondwana crustal segments. Precambrian Research 180: 85-112

[39] Schmädicke E, Gose J, Will TM (2010) High-temperature metamorphism of garnet-bearing ultramafic rocks from the Saxonian Granulite Core Complex, Germany. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 28: 489-508

[40] Zeh A, Gerdes A, Will TM, Frimmel H (2010) Hafnium isotope homogenisation in metasediments under amphibolite-facies conditions (<650 °C): examples from the Shackleton Range (Antarctica). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74: 4740-4758

[41] Will TM, Schmädicke E, Frimmel HE (2010) Deep solid-state equilibration and deep melting of plagioclase-free spinel peridotite from the slow-spreading Mid-Atlantic Ridge, ODP Leg 153. Mineralogy and Petrology 100: 185-200

[42] Ring U, Glodny J, Will TM, Thomson SN (2011) Normal faulting on Sifnos Island and the South Cycladic Detachment System, Aegean Sea, Greece. Journal of the Geological Society of London 168: 751-768

[43] Schmädicke E, Gose J, Will TM (2011) Heterogeneous mantle underneath the North Atlantic: Evidence from water in orthopyroxene, mineral composition and equilibrium conditions of spinel peridotite from different locations at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Lithos 125: 308-320

[44] Schmädicke E, Okrusch M, Rupprecht-Gutowski P, Will TM (2011) Garnet pyroxenite, eclogite and alkremite xenoliths from the off-craton Gibeon Kimberlite Field, Namibia: a window into the upper mantle of the Rehoboth Terrane. Precambrian Research 191: 1-17

[45] Will TM, Frimmel HE (2013) The influence of inherited structures on dyke emplacement during Gondwana break-up in southwestern Africa. J Geol 121: 455-474.

[46] Will, T.M., Frimmel, H.E., Gaucher, C., Bossi, J., 2014. Geochemical and isotopic composition of Pan-African metabasalts from southwestern Gondwana: Evidence of Cretaceous South Atlantic opening along a Neoproterozoic back-arc. Lithos 202-203, 363-381.

[47] Will, TM, Lee S-H, Schmädicke E, Frimmel HE, Okrusch M (2015) Variscan terrane boundaries in the Odenwald-Spessart basement, Mid-German Crystalline Zone: new evidence from ocean ridge, intraplate and arc-derived metabasaltic rocks. Lithos 220-223: 23-42

[48] Schmädicke E, Gose, J, Reinhardt J, Will TM, Stalder R (2015) Garnets in cratonic and non-cratonic mantle and lower crustal xenoliths from southern Africa: composition, water incorporation and geodynamic constraints. Precambrian Research 270: 285-299

[49] Schmädicke E, Will TM, Mezger K (2015) Garnet pyroxenite from the Shackleton Range, Antarctica: intrusion of plume-derived picritic melts in the continental lithosphere during Rodinia breakup? Lithos 238: 185-206

[50] Will TM, Frimmel HE, Pfänder, JA (2016) Möwe Bay Dykes, Northwestern Namibia: Geochemical and geochronological evidence for different mantle source regions during the Cretaceous opening of the South Atlantic. Chemical Geology 44: 141-157

[51] Will TM, Schulz B, Schmädicke E (2017) The timing of metamorphism in the Odenwald-Spessart basement, Mid-German Crystalline Zone. International Journal of Earth Sciences 106: 1631-1649

[52] Pamoukaghlián K, Gaucher C, Frei R, Poiré DG, Chemale F, Frei D, Will TM (2017) U-Pb age constraints for the La Tuna Granite and Montevideo Formation (Paleoproterozoic, Uruguay): unravelling the structure of the Río de la Plata Craton. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 79: 443-458.

[53] Will TM, Frimmel HE (2018) Where does a continent prefer to break up? Lessons from the South Atlantic margins. Gondwana Research 53: 9-19

[54] Will TM, Schmädicke E, Ling XX, Li XH, Li QL (2018) New evidence for an old idea: Geochronological constraints for a paired metamorphic belt in the Central European Variscides. Lithos 302-303: 278-297.

[55] Schmädicke E, Will TM, Ling XX, Li XH, Li QL (2018) Rare peak and ubiquitous post-peak zircon in eclogite: constraints for the timing of high-pressure metamorphism in Erzgebirge, Germany. Lithos 322: 250-267.

[56] Will TM, Gaucher C, Ling XX, Li XH, Li QL, Frimmel HE (2019) Neoproterozoic magmatic and metamorphic events in the exotic Cuchilla Dionisio Terrane, Uruguay, and possible correlations across the South Atlantic. Precambrian Research 320: 303-322.

Books and Field guides

Will TM (1998) Phase Equilibria in Metamorphic Rocks—Thermodynamic Background and Petrological Applications. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York

Ring U, Okrusch M, Will TM (2007) Samos Island, Part I: metamorphosed and non-metamorphosed nappes and sedimentary basins. Journal of the Virtual Explorer 27, 29 p

Komplette Publikationsliste herunterladen

since 2010: Listed in Marquis’ Who’s Who in the World and Who’s Who in Science and Engineering

2005: Jubilee Medal (Best paper award), Geological Society of South Africa

1996: Heisenberg Scholarship, German Research Foundation

  • C. Gaucher (Montevideo, Uruguay),
  • X.H. Li (Beijing, China),
  • X.X. Ling (Beijing, China),
  • P. le Roux (Cape Town, South Africa),
  • U. Ring (Stockholm, Sweden),
  • J. Reinhardt (Cape Town, South Africa),
  • K. Mezger (Bern, Switzerland),
  • J. Pfänder (Freiberg), E. Schmädicke (Erlangen),
  • H. Brätz (Erlangen)