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Intern
    Institut für Geographie und Geologie

    Spatial assessment of permafrost characteristics and dynamics in alpine periglacial environments (SPCC)

    SPCC 3: Spatial assessment of permafrost characteristics and dynamics in alpine periglacial environments


    Project information:

    SPCC 3 is part of the Bündel-project “Sensitivity of Mountain Permafrost to Climate Change” (SPCC) funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG – Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft).

    Within the research project SPCC3 the sensitivity of alpine permafrost environments to climate change is investigated with a combined approach. Different methodologies are used for a detailed characterization of the permafrost in unconsolidated sediments concerning distribution, permafrost and active-layer depth, ice content, temperature and temporal variability.

    Geophysical mapping and sounding (2D and quasi 3D) is implemented for an in-depth analysis of the subsurface lithology. Furthermore surface and subsurface temperature monitoring and thermal offset analyses are performed particularly with respect to different surface material properties (coarse-grained to fine-grained).

    Spatio-temporal variability of alpine permafrost dynamics comprising aggradation, degradation and creep are determined by direct temperature measurements within representative shallow boreholes, near-surface temperature monitoring, geoelectrical monitoring and DGPS surveying.

    Investigation areas:

    • Glacier forefields Murtèl, Muragl and adjacent landforms, Upper Engadine, Switzerland

     


    Fig. 1: Temperature logging (borehole and near-surface temperatures) in coarse-grained sediments within the glacier forefield Murtèl. The picture was taken during field work (DGPS) in August 2009.

     

     
    Fig. 2: Mean annual temperature (01.10.2008-01.10.2009) at the borehole location shown in Fig. 1.

     

      


    Fig. 3: Electrical resistivity tomograms from the borehole location in Fig 1:
    (a) with low resistivities as measured at a site with rather fine-grained sediments
    (b) with a distinct permafrost body under coarser blocks
    Note: resistivity values > 10 k
    Ohm are indicated with bluish colours (Click to enlarge the pictures!)

    Staff:

    • PD Dr. Christof Kneisel (supervisor)
      Department of Physical Geography, University of Würzburg
    • Dipl. Geogr. Tobias Rödder (PhD student)
      Department of Physical Geography, University of Würzburg

    Links to the other Bündel-projects:

    • SPCC 1: “Ground-atmosphere modelling of permafrost evolution: Strategies to combine RCM and subsurface simulations”
    • SPCC 2: “Quantitative assessment of Alpine permafrost degradation using coupled geophysical and thermal monitoring systems”
    • SPCC 4: “Sensitivity of rock permafrost to regional climate change scenarios and implications for rock wall instability”
    • SPCC 5: “Monitoring and process analysis of permafrost creep and failure in changing temperature regimes”