Deutsch Intern
Institut für Geographie und Geologie

Dr. Manuel Woltering

Chair of Geography and Regional Science

Phone: +49 931 31-88290
Fax: +49 931 31-882900
E-Mail: manuel.woltering@uni-wuerzburg.de 

Institute of Geography and Geology
Am Hubland
97074 Würzburg

Campus Southern Hubland
Geography building
Room 318

  • Wednesday, 10am - 12am
  • semester break: upon request

  • economic geography, focused on leisure and tourism research
  • regional economy and regional development
  • Central Europe

Regional Economic Effects of Tourism in the Wadden Sea National Parks of Hamburg and Lower Saxony

  • Funding: Hamburg and Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park Authorities
  • Duration: 12/2018 – 03/2021
  • Leading researcher: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Hubert Job
  • Contact: Dr. Manuel Woltering

The Wadden Sea is in many respects a unique region in Germany: From a nature conservation point of view, with its outstanding flora and fauna, it can undoubtedly be described as an international highlight. This is confirmed by appropriate measures of nature conservation, so that three Wadden Sea National Parks are also a part of surrounding biosphere reserves and the entire region is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. At the same time, this uniqueness has been attracting a large number of tourists to the Wadden Sea for a long time and a variety of reasons. On the one hand, therefore, it seems interesting to see how much the aforementioned nature conservation measures ultimately contribute to visitors' travel decisions. On the other hand, the economic significance of tourism for the region is of interest with special focus on the share of nature conservation-based tourism. The present study examines these facts for the two national parks Hamburg Wadden Sea and Lower Saxony Wadden Sea. For the latter it seems also to be valuable because a methodologically comparable study was carried out in 2007 and the tourism developments that have occurred since then can be analysed.

Socio-economic Effects of Tourism in German UNESCO Biosphere Reserves

This research project aims to calculate the economic effects of tourism in all 17 German UNESCO biosphere reserves. As model regions for sustainable development, biosphere reserves fulfil different purposes. In Germany, biosphere reserves represent typical cultural landscapes lying mostly in rural areas, where they focus on structural challenges of living conditions to arrange them equally for the inhabitants. Tourism plays an important role at this point. It can be seen as an ideal opportunity for the sustainable management and use of natural resources and rural conservation measures. As outdoor recreation areas for tourists, the question is how far nature-based tourism is attributed to influences of this protected area label. The data for the regional economic effect analysis of tourism in Germanys biosphere reserves are collected by on-site face-to-face visitor surveys. They record the number and structure of tourism (day-tripper vs. overnight visitor) and the tourist expenditures by economic sectors as well as the affinity with the biosphere reserve label. Overall, this gives the opportunity for a comparative evaluation of the regional economic effects of nature-based tourism for protected areas in Germany.